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2023
April 24 in recent years
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April 24 is the 114th day of the year (115th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar; 251 days remain until the over of the year.

Events[edit]

Pre-1600[edit]

  • 1479 BC – Thutmose III ascends to tát the throne of Egypt, although power effectively shifts to tát Hatshepsut (according to tát the Low Chronology of the 18th dynasty).
  • 1183 BC – Traditional reckoning of the Fall of Troy marking the over of the legendary Trojan War, given by chief librarian of the Library of Alexandria Eratosthenes, among others.[1]
  • 1547 – Battle of Mühlberg. Duke of Alba, commanding Spanish-Imperial forces of Charles I of Spain, defeats the troops of Schmalkaldic League.
  • 1558 – Mary, Queen of Scots, marries the Dauphin of France, François, at Notre Dame de Paris.

1601–1900[edit]

  • 1704 – The first regular newspaper in British Colonial America, The Boston News-Letter, is published.
  • 1793 – French revolutionary Jean-Paul Marat is acquitted by the Revolutionary Tribunal of charges brought by the Girondin in Paris.[2]
  • 1800 – The United States Library of Congress is established when President John Adams signs legislation to tát appropriate $5,000 to tát purchase "such books as may be necessary for the use of Congress".
  • 1837 – The great fire in Surat thành phố of India caused more than vãn 500 deaths and destruction of more than vãn 9,000 houses.[3]
  • 1877 – Russo-Turkish War: Russian Empire declares war on Ottoman Empire.
  • 1885 – American sharpshooter Annie Oakley is hired by Nate Salsbury to tát be a part of Buffalo Bill's Wild West.
  • 1895 – Joshua Slocum, the first person to tát sail single-handedly around the world, sets sail from Boston, Massachusetts aboard the sloop "Spray".

1901–present[edit]

  • 1913 – The Woolworth Building, a skyscraper in Thành Phố New York City, is opened.
  • 1914 – The Franck–Hertz experiment, a pillar of quantum mechanics, is presented to tát the German Physical Society.
  • 1915 – The arrest of 250 Armenian intellectuals and community leaders in Istanbul marks the beginning of the Armenian genocide.
  • 1916 – Easter Rising: Irish rebels, led by Patrick Pearse and James Connolly, launch an uprising in Dublin against British rule and proclaim an Irish Republic.
  • 1916 – Ernest Shackleton and five men of the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition launch a lifeboat from uninhabited Elephant Island in the Southern Ocean to tát organise a rescue for the crew of the sunken Endurance.
  • 1918 – World War I: First tank-to-tank combat, during the second Battle of Villers-Bretonneux. Three British Mark IVs meet three German A7Vs.
  • 1922 – The first segment of the Imperial Wireless Chain providing wireless telegraphy between Leafield in Oxfordshire, England, and Cairo, Egypt, comes into operation.
  • 1924 – Thorvald Stauning becomes premier of Denmark (first term).[4]
  • 1926 – The Treaty of Berlin is signed. Germany and the Soviet Union each pledge neutrality in the sự kiện of an attack on the other by a third tiệc ngọt for the next five years.
  • 1932 – Benny Rothman leads the mass trespass of Kinder Scout, leading to tát substantial legal reforms in the United Kingdom.
  • 1933 – Nazi Germany begins its persecution of Jehovah's Witnesses by shutting down the Watch Tower Society office in Magdeburg.
  • 1944 – World War II: The SBS launches a raid against the garrison of Santorini in Greece.
  • 1953 – Winston Churchill is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.
  • 1955 – The Bandung Conference ends: Twenty-nine non-aligned nations of Asia and Africa finish a meeting that condemns colonialism, racism, and the Cold War.
  • 1957 – Suez Crisis: The Suez Canal is reopened following the introduction of UNEF peacekeepers to tát the region.
  • 1963 – Marriage of Princess Alexandra of Kent to tát Angus Ogilvy at Westminster Abbey in London.
  • 1965 – Civil war breaks out in the Dominican Republic when Colonel Francisco Caamaño overthrows the triumvirate that had been in power since the coup d'état against Juan Bosch.
  • 1967 – Cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov dies in Soyuz 1 when its parachute fails to tát open. He is the first human to tát die during a space mission.
  • 1967 – Vietnam War: American General William Westmoreland says in a news conference that the enemy had "gained tư vấn in the United States that gives him hope that he can win politically that which he cannot win militarily".
  • 1970 – Đài Loan Trung Quốc launches Dong Fang Hong I, becoming the fifth nation to tát put an object into orbit using its own booster.[5]
  • 1970 – The Gambia becomes a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations, with Dawda Jawara as its first President.
  • 1980 – Eight U.S. servicemen die in Operation Eagle Claw as they attempt to tát over the Iran hostage crisis.
  • 1990 – STS-31: The Hubble Space Telescope is launched from the Space Shuttle Discovery.
  • 1990 – Gruinard Island, Scotland, is officially declared miễn phí of the anthrax disease after 48 years of quarantine.
  • 1993 – An IRA bomb devastates the Bishopsgate area of London.
  • 1994 – A Douglas DC-3 ditches in Botany Bay after takeoff from Sydney Airport. All 25 people on board survive.[6]
  • 1996 – In the United States, the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 is passed into law.
  • 2004 – The United States lifts economic sanctions imposed on Libya 18 years previously, as a reward for its cooperation in eliminating weapons of mass destruction.
  • 2005 – Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger is inaugurated as the 265th Pope of the Catholic Church taking the name Pope Benedict XVI.
  • 2011 – WikiLeaks starts publishing the Guantanamo Bay files leak.
  • 2013 – A building collapses near Dhaka, Bangladesh, killing 1,129 people and injuring 2,500 others.
  • 2013 – Violence in Bachu County, Kashgar Prefecture, of China's Xinjiang results in death of 21 people.

Births[edit]

Pre-1600[edit]

  • 1086 – Ramiro II of Aragon (d. 1157)
  • 1492 – Sabina of Bavaria, Bavarian duchess and noblewoman (d. 1564)
  • 1532 – Thomas Lucy, English politician (d. 1600)
  • 1533 – William I of Orange, founding father of the Netherlands (d. 1584)
  • 1538 – Guglielmo Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua (d. 1587)
  • 1545 – Henry Wriothesley, 2nd Earl of Southampton, English Earl (d. 1581)
  • 1562 – Xu Guangqi, Ming Dynasty Chinese politician, scholar and lúc lắc Catholic leader (d. 1633)
  • 1581 – Vincent de Paul, French priest and saint (d. 1660)

1601–1900[edit]

  • 1608 – Gaston, Duke of Orléans, third son of King Henry IV of France (d. 1660)
  • 1620 – John Graunt, English demographer and statistician (d. 1674)
  • 1706 – Giovanni Battista Martini, Italian pianist and composer (d. 1780)
  • 1718 – Nathaniel Hone the Elder, Irish-English painter and educator (d. 1784)
  • 1743 – Edmund Cartwright, English clergyman and engineer, invented the power loom (d. 1823)
  • 1784 – Peter Vivian Daniel, American lawyer and jurist (d. 1860)
  • 1815 – Anthony Trollope, English novelist, essayist, and short story writer (d. 1882)
  • 1823 – Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada, Mexican politician, President of Mexico (d. 1889)
  • 1829 – Luisa Cappiani, Austrian soprano, educator and essayist (d. 1919)[7]
  • 1845 – Carl Spitteler, Swiss poet and author, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1924)[8]
  • 1856 – Philippe Pétain, French general and politician, 119th Prime Minister of France (d. 1951)
  • 1860 – Queen Marau, last Queen of Tahiti (d.1935)
  • 1862 – Tomitaro Makino, Japanese botanist (d. 1957)
  • 1868 – Sandy Herd, Scottish golfer (d. 1944)
  • 1876 – Erich Raeder, German admiral (d. 1960)
  • 1878 – Jean Crotti, Swiss-French painter (d. 1958)
  • 1879 – Susanna Bokoyni, Hungarian-American circus performer (d. 1984)
  • 1880 – Gideon Sundback, Swedish-American engineer and businessman, developed the zipper (d. 1954)
  • 1880 – Josef Müller, Croatian entomologist (d. 1964)
  • 1882 – Hugh Dowding, 1st Baron Dowding, Scottish-English air marshal (d. 1970)
  • 1885 – Thomas Cronan, American triple jumper (d. 1962)
  • 1885 – Con Walsh, Irish-Canadian hammer thrower and footballer (d. 1961)
  • 1887 – Denys Finch Hatton, English hunter (d. 1931)
  • 1888 – Pe Maung Tin, Burma-based scholar and educator (d. 1973)
  • 1889 – Stafford Cripps, English academic and politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer (d. 1952)
  • 1889 – Lyubov Popova, Russian painter and academic (d. 1924)
  • 1897 – Manuel Ávila Camacho, Mexican colonel and politician, 45th President of Mexico (d. 1955)
  • 1897 – Benjamin Lee Whorf, American linguist, anthropologist, and engineer (d. 1941)
  • 1899 – Oscar Zariski, Russian-American mathematician and academic (d. 1986)
  • 1900 – Elizabeth Goudge, English author and educator (d. 1984) [9][10]

1901–present[edit]

  • 1903 – José Antonio Primo de Rivera, Spanish lawyer and politician, founded the Falange (d. 1936)
  • 1904 – Willem de Kooning, Dutch-American painter and educator (d. 1997)
  • 1905 – Al Bates, American long jumper (d. 1999)
  • 1905 – Robert Penn Warren, American novelist, poet, and literary critic (d. 1989)
  • 1906 – William Joyce, American-born Irish-British Nazi propaganda broadcaster (d. 1946)
  • 1906 – Mimi Smith, English nurse (d. 1991)
  • 1907 – Gabriel Figueroa, Mexican cinematographer (d. 1997)
  • 1908 – Marceline Day, American actress (d. 2000)
  • 1908 – Inga Gentzel, Swedish runner (d. 1991)
  • 1908 – Józef Gosławski, Polish sculptor (d. 1963)
  • 1912 – Ruth Osburn, American discus thrower (d. 1994)
  • 1913 – Dieter Grau, German-American scientist and engineer (d. 2014)
  • 1914 – William Castle, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1977)
  • 1914 – Phil Watson, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 1991)
  • 1914 – Justin Wilson, American chef and author (d. 2001)
  • 1916 – Lou Thesz, American wrestler and trainer (d. 2002)
  • 1919 – David Blackwell, American mathematician and academic (d. 2010)
  • 1919 – Glafcos Clerides, Cypriot lawyer and politician, 4th President of Cyprus (d. 2013)
  • 1920 – Gino Valenzano, Italian race xế hộp driver (d. 2011)
  • 1922 – Marc-Adélard Tremblay, Canadian anthropologist and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1923 – Gus Bodnar, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Doris Burn, American author and illustrator (d. 2011)
  • 1924 – Clement Freud, German-English radio host, academic, and politician (d. 2009)
  • 1924 – Ruth Kobart, American actress and singer (d. 2002)
  • 1925 – Franco Leccese, Italian sprinter (d. 1992)
  • 1926 – Marilyn Erskine, American actress
  • 1926 – Thorbjörn Fälldin, Swedish farmer and politician, 27th Prime Minister of Sweden (d. 2016)
  • 1927 – Josy Barthel, Luxembourgian runner and politician, Luxembourgian Minister for Energy (d. 1992)
  • 1928 – Tommy Docherty, Scottish footballer and manager (d. 2020)
  • 1928 – Johnny Griffin, American saxophonist (d. 2008)
  • 1928 – Anahit Perikhanian, Russian-born Armenian Iranologist (d. 2012)[11]
  • 1929 – Dr. Rajkumar, Indian actor and singer (d. 2006)
  • 1930 – Jerome Callet, American instrument designer, educator, and author (d. 2019)
  • 1930 – Richard Donner, American actor, director, and producer (d. 2021)
  • 1930 – José Sarney, Brazilian lawyer and politician, 31st President of Brazil
  • 1931 – Abdelhamid Kermali, Algerian footballer and manager (d. 2013)
  • 1931 – Bridget Riley, English painter and illustrator
  • 1934 – Jayakanthan, Indian journalist and author (d. 2015)
  • 1934 – Shirley MacLaine, American actress, singer, and dancer
  • 1936 – David Crombie, Canadian educator and politician, 56th Mayor of Toronto
  • 1936 – Jill Ireland, English actress (d. 1990)
  • 1937 – Joe Henderson, American saxophonist and composer (d. 2001)
  • 1940 – Sue Grafton, American author (d. 2017)
  • 1941 – Richard Holbrooke, American journalist, banker, and diplomat, 22nd United States Ambassador to tát the United Nations (d. 2010)
  • 1941 – John Williams, Australian-English guitarist and composer
  • 1942 – Richard M. Daley, American lawyer and politician, 54th Mayor of Chicago
  • 1942 – Barbra Streisand, American singer, actress, activist, and producer
  • 1943 – Richard Sterban, American country and gospel bass singer
  • 1943 – Gordon West, English footballer (d. 2012)
  • 1944 – Peter Cresswell, English judge
  • 1944 – Maarja Nummert, Estonian architect
  • 1944 – Tony Visconti, American record producer, musician and singer
  • 1945 – Doug Clifford, American drummer and songwriter
  • 1946 – Doug Christie, Canadian lawyer and activist (d. 2013)
  • 1946 – Phil Robertson, American hunter and television personality[12]
  • 1947 – Josep Borrell, Spanish engineer and politician, 22nd President of the European Parliament
  • 1947 – João Braz de Aviz, Brazilian cardinal
  • 1947 – Claude Dubois, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1947 – Denise Kingsmill, Baroness Kingsmill, New Zealand-English lawyer and politician
  • 1947 – Roger D. Kornberg, American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1948 – Paul Cellucci, American soldier and politician, 69th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 2013)
  • 1948 – Eliana Gil, Ecuadorian-American psychiatrist, therapist, and author
  • 1949 – Eddie Hart, American sprinter
  • 1949 – Véronique Sanson, French singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1950 – Rob Hyman, American singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1951 – Ron Arad, Israeli architect and academic
  • 1951 – Christian Bobin, French author and poet
  • 1951 – Nigel Harrison, English bass player and songwriter
  • 1951 – Enda Kenny, Irish educator and politician, 13th Taoiseach of Ireland
  • 1952 – Jean Paul Gaultier, French fashion designer
  • 1952 – Ralph Winter, American film producer
  • 1953 – Eric Bogosian, American actor and writer
  • 1954 – Mumia Abu-Jamal, American journalist, activist, and convicted murderer
  • 1954 – Jack Blades, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1955 – Marion Caspers-Merk, German politician
  • 1955 – John de Mol Jr., Dutch businessman, co-founded Endemol
  • 1955 – Eamon Gilmore, Irish trade union leader and politician, 25th Tánaiste of Ireland
  • 1955 – Margaret Moran, British politician and criminal
  • 1955 – Guy Nève, Belgian race xế hộp driver (d. 1992)
  • 1955 – Michael O'Keefe, American actor
  • 1955 – Bill Osborne, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1956 – James A. Winnefeld, Jr., American admiral
  • 1957 – Nazir Ahmed, Baron Ahmed, Pakistani-English businessman and politician
  • 1958 – Brian Paddick, English police officer and politician
  • 1959 – Paula Yates, British-Australian television host and author (d. 2000)
  • 1961 – Andrew Murrison, English physician and politician, Minister for International Security Strategy
  • 1962 – Clemens Binninger, German politician
  • 1962 – Stuart Pearce, English footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1962 – Steve Roach, Australian rugby league player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1963 – Paula Frazer, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1963 – Billy Gould, American bass player, songwriter, and producer
  • 1963 – Mano Solo, French singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 2010)
  • 1964 – Helga Arendt, German sprinter (d. 2013)
  • 1964 – Cedric the Entertainer, American comedian, actor, and producer
  • 1964 – Djimon Hounsou, Beninese-American actor and producer
  • 1964 – Witold Smorawiński, Polish guitarist, composer, and educator
  • 1965 – Jeff Jackson, Canadian ice hockey player and manager
  • 1966 – Pierre Brassard, Canadian comedian and actor
  • 1966 – Alessandro Costacurta, Italian footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1966 – David Usher, English-Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1967 – Dino Rađa, Croatian basketball player[13]
  • 1967 – Omar Vizquel, Venezuelan-American baseball player and coach
  • 1968 – Aidan Gillen, Irish actor
  • 1968 – Todd Jones, American baseball player
  • 1968 – Roxanna Panufnik, English composer
  • 1968 – Hashim Thaçi, Kosovan soldier and politician, 5th Prime Minister of Kosovo
  • 1969 – Elias Atmatsidis, Greek footballer
  • 1969 – Rory McCann, Scottish actor
  • 1969 – Eilidh Whiteford, Scottish academic and politician
  • 1970 – Damien Fleming, Australian cricketer, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1971 – Kumar Dharmasena, Sri Lankan cricketer and umpire
  • 1971 – Mauro Pawlowski, Belgian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1972 – Rab Douglas, Scottish footballer
  • 1972 – Chipper Jones, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Jure Košir, Slovenian skier and singer
  • 1973 – Gabby Logan, English gymnast, television and radio host
  • 1973 – Damon Lindelof, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1973 – Brian Marshall, American bass player and songwriter
  • 1973 – Eric Snow, American basketball player and coach
  • 1973 – Sachin Tendulkar, Indian cricketer[14]
  • 1973 – Toomas Tohver, Estonian footballer
  • 1973 – Lee Westwood, English golfer
  • 1974 – Eric Kripke, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1974 – Stephen Wiltshire, English illustrator
  • 1975 – Dejan Savić, Yugoslavian and Serbian water polo player
  • 1976 – Steve Finnan, Irish international footballer[15]
  • 1976 – Frédéric Niemeyer, Canadian tennis player and coach
  • 1977 – Carlos Beltrán, Puerto Rican-American baseball player
  • 1977 – Diego Placente, Argentine footballer
  • 1978 – Diego Quintana, Argentine footballer
  • 1980 – Fernando Arce, Mexican footballer
  • 1980 – Karen Asrian, Armenian chess player (d. 2008)
  • 1981 – Taylor Dent, American tennis player
  • 1981 – Yuko Nakanishi, Japanese swimmer
  • 1982 – Kelly Clarkson, American singer-songwriter, talk show host
  • 1982 – David Oliver, American hurdler
  • 1982 – Simon Tischer, German volleyball player
  • 1983 – Hanna Melnychenko, Ukrainian heptathlete
  • 1985 – Mike Rodgers, American sprinter
  • 1986 – Aaron Cunningham, American baseball player
  • 1987 – Ben Howard, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1987 – Kris Letang, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1987 – Rein Taaramäe, Estonian cyclist
  • 1987 – Jan Vertonghen, Belgian international footballer[16]
  • 1987 – Varun Dhawan, Indian actor
  • 1989 – Elīna Babkina, Latvian basketball player
  • 1989 – David Boudia, American diver
  • 1989 – Taja Mohorčič, Slovenian tennis player
  • 1990 – Kim Tae-ri, South Korean actress
  • 1990 – Jan Veselý, Czech basketball player
  • 1991 – Sigrid Agren, French-Swedish model
  • 1991 – Morgan Ciprès, French figure skater
  • 1991 – Batuhan Karadeniz, Turkish footballer
  • 1992 – Joe Keery, American actor
  • 1992 – Laura Kenny, English cyclist
  • 1992 – Jack Quaid, American actor[17]
  • 1993 – Ben Davies, Welsh international footballer[18]
  • 1994 – Jordan Fisher, American singer, dancer, and actor[19]
  • 1994 – Caspar Lee, British-South African Youtuber
  • 1996 – Ashleigh Barty, Australian tennis player
  • 1997 – Lydia Ko, New Zealand golfer
  • 1997 – Veronika Kudermetova, Russian tennis player
  • 1998 – Ryan Newman, American actress
  • 1999 – Jerry Jeudy, American football player[20]
  • 2002 – Olivia Gadecki, Australian tennis player[21]

Deaths[edit]

Pre-1600[edit]

  • 624 – Mellitus, saint and archbishop of Canterbury[22]
  • 1149 – Petronille de Chemillé, abbess of Fontevrault
  • 1288 – Gertrude of Austria (b. 1226)
  • 1338 – Theodore I, Marquess of Montferrat (b. 1291)
  • 1479 – Jorge Manrique, Spanish poet (b. 1440)
  • 1513 – Şehzade Ahmet, Ottoman prince (b. 1465)

1601–1900[edit]

  • 1617 – Concino Concini, Italian-French politician, Prime Minister of France (b. 1575)
  • 1622 – Fidelis of Sigmaringen, German friar and saint (b. 1577)
  • 1656 – Thomas Fincke, Danish mathematician and physicist (b. 1561)
  • 1692 – Johannes Zollikofer, Swiss vicar (b. 1633)[23]
  • 1731 – Daniel Defoe, English journalist, novelist, and spy (b. 1660)
  • 1748 – Anton thor Helle, German-Estonian clergyman and translator (b. 1683)
  • 1779 – Eleazar Wheelock, American minister and academic, founded Dartmouth College (b. 1711)
  • 1794 – Axel von Fersen the Elder, Swedish field marshal and politician (b. 1719)
  • 1852 – Vasily Zhukovsky, Russian poet and translator (b. 1783)
  • 1889 – Zulma Carraud, French author (b. 1796)[24]
  • 1891 – Helmuth von Moltke the Elder, German field marshal (b. 1800)

1901–present[edit]

  • 1924 – G. Stanley Hall, American psychologist and academic (b. 1844)
  • 1931 – David Kldiashvili, Georgian author and playwright (b. 1862)
  • 1935 – Anastasios Papoulas, Greek general (b. 1857)
  • 1938 – George Grey Barnard, American sculptor (b. 1863)
  • 1939 – Louis Trousselier, French cyclist (b. 1881)
  • 1941 – Karin Boye, Swedish author and poet (b. 1900)
  • 1942 – Lucy Maud Montgomery, Canadian author (b. 1874)[25]
  • 1944 – Charles Jordan, American magician (b. 1888)
  • 1945 – Ernst-Robert Grawitz, German physician (b. 1899)
  • 1947 – Hans Biebow, German SS officer (b. 1902)
  • 1947 – Willa Cather, American novelist, short story writer, and poet (b. 1873)
  • 1948 – Jāzeps Vītols, Latvian composer (b. 1863)
  • 1954 – Guy Mairesse, French racing driver (b. 1910)
  • 1960 – Max von Laue, German physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1879)
  • 1961 – Lee Moran, American actor, director and screenwriter (b. 1888)
  • 1962 – Milt Franklyn, American composer (b. 1897)
  • 1964 – Gerhard Domagk, German pathologist and bacteriologist (b. 1895)
  • 1965 – Louise Dresser, American actress (b. 1878)
  • 1966 – Simon Chikovani, Georgian poet and author (b. 1902)
  • 1967 – Vladimir Komarov, Russian pilot, engineer, and cosmonaut (b. 1927)
  • 1967 – Robert Richards, Australian politician, 32nd Premier of South nước Australia (b. 1885)
  • 1968 – Walter Tewksbury, American athlete (b. 1876)[26]
  • 1970 – Otis Spann, American singer and pianist (b. 1930)
  • 1972 – Fernando Amorsolo, Filipino painter (b. 1892)
  • 1974 – Bud Abbott, American comedian and producer (b. 1895)
  • 1976 – Mark Tobey, American-Swiss painter and educator (b. 1890)
  • 1980 – Alejo Carpentier, Swiss-Cuban musicologist and author (b. 1904)
  • 1982 – Ville Ritola, Finnish runner (b. 1896)
  • 1983 – Erol Güngör, Turkish sociologist, psychologist, and academic (b. 1938)
  • 1983 – Rolf Stommelen, German racing driver (b. 1943)
  • 1984 – Rafael Pérez hắn Pérez, Spanish author (b. 1891)
  • 1986 – Wallis Simpson, American socialite, Duchess of Windsor (b. 1896)[27]
  • 1993 – Oliver Tambo, South African lawyer and activist (b. 1917)
  • 1993 – Tran Duc Thao, Vietnamese philosopher and theorist (b. 1917)
  • 1995 – Lodewijk Bruckman, Dutch painter (b. 1903)
  • 1997 – Allan Francovich, American director and producer (b. 1941)
  • 1997 – Pat Paulsen, American comedian and activist (b. 1927)
  • 1997 – Eugene Stoner, American engineer, designed the AR-15 rifle (b. 1922)
  • 2001 – Josef Peters, German racing driver (b. 1914)
  • 2001 – Johnny Valentine, American wrestler (b. 1928)
  • 2002 – Lucien Wercollier, Luxembourgian sculptor (b. 1908)
  • 2003 – Nüzhet Gökdoğan, Turkish astronomer and mathematician (b. 1910)[28]
  • 2004 – José Giovanni, French-Swiss director and producer (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Estée Lauder, American businesswoman, co-founded Estée Lauder Companies (b. 1906)
  • 2005 – Ezer Weizman, Israeli general and politician, 7th President of Israel (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Fei Xiaotong, Chinese sociologist and academic (b. 1910)
  • 2006 – Brian Labone, English footballer (b. 1940)
  • 2006 – Moshe Teitelbaum, Romanian-American rabbi and author (b. 1914)
  • 2008 – Jimmy Giuffre, American clarinet player, and saxophonist, and composer (b. 1921)
  • 2011 – Sathya Sai Baba, Indian guru and philanthropist (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – Hans Hollein, Austrian architect, designed Haas House (b. 1934)
  • 2014 – Sandy Jardine, Scottish footballer and manager (b. 1948)
  • 2014 – Shobha Nagi Reddy, Indian politician (b. 1968)
  • 2014 – Tadeusz Różewicz, Polish poet and playwright (b. 1921)
  • 2015 – Władysław Bartoszewski, Polish journalist and politician, Polish Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1922)
  • 2016 – Tommy Kono, American weightlifter and coach (b. 1930)
  • 2017 – Robert Pirsig, American author and philosopher (b. 1928)
  • 2022 – Andrew Woolfolk, American saxophonist (b. 1950)[29]

Holidays and observances[edit]

  • Armenian Genocide Remembrance Day (Armenia, France)[30]
  • Christian feast day:
    • Benedict Menni
    • Dermot of Armagh
    • Dyfnan of Anglesey
    • Ecgberht of Ripon
    • Fidelis of Sigmaringen
    • Gregory of Elvira
    • Ivo of Ramsey
    • Johann Walter (Lutheran)
    • Mary of Clopas
    • Mary Euphrasia Pelletier
    • Mellitus
    • Peter of Saint Joseph de Betancur
    • Salome (disciple)
    • Wilfrid (Church of England)
    • William Firmatus
    • April 24 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Concord Day (Niger)
  • Democracy Day (Nepal)
  • Fashion Revolution Day, and its related observances:
    • Labour Safety Day (Bangladesh, proposed)
  • National Panchayati Raj Day (India)
  • Republic Day (The Gambia)
  • World Day for Laboratory Animals

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kokkinos, Nikos (31 December 2009). "Ancient Chronology, Eratosthenes and the Dating of the Fall of Troy". Ancient West & East. 8: 37–56. doi:10.2143/AWE.8.0.2045837. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  2. ^ Loomis, Stanley (1 June 1990). Paris in the Terror. Dorset House Publishing Co Inc. ISBN 978-0880294010.
  3. ^ Gujarat State Gazetteers: Surat District (2nd (Revised in 1962), 1st (1877) ed.). Ahmedabad: Directorate of Government Printing, Stationery and Publications, Gujarat State. 1962. pp. 976–978.
  4. ^ Skou, Kaare R. (2005). Dansk politik A-Å (in Danish). Aschehoug, pp. 110, 638-639. ISBN 87-11-11652-8.
  5. ^ "PRC 1". National Space Science Data Center. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  6. ^ "Crash of a Douglas C-47A-20-DK off Sydney". www.baaa-acro.com. Bureau of Aircraft Accidents Archives. Retrieved 9 January 2022.
  7. ^ "Baptism record entry Linz-Holy Family, 1829". Matricula Online (in German). Retrieved 5 May 2023.
  8. ^ "Carl Spitteler | Swiss poet". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 27 December 2020.
  9. ^ "Biography of Elizabeth Goudge". www.msmc.edu. Archived from the original on 21 October 2017. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  10. ^ "ELIZABETH GOUDGE". The Thành Phố New York Times. 27 April 1984. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
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