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The term netizen is a portmanteau of the English words internet and citizen,[1] as in a "citizen of the net" or "net citizen".[2][3][4] It describes a person[5] actively involved in online communities or the Internet in general.[6][7]

The term commonly also implies an interest and active engagement in improving the mạng internet, making it an intellectual and a social resource,[5] or its surrounding political structures, especially in regard vĩ đại open access, net neutrality and không lấy phí speech.[8] The term was widely adopted in the mid-1990s as a way vĩ đại describe those who inhabit the new geography of the mạng internet.[9] Internet pioneer and author Michael F. Hauben is credited with coining and popularizing the term.[5][10][11][12][13]

Determining factor[edit]

In general, any individual who has access vĩ đại the mạng internet has the potential vĩ đại be classified as a netizen. In the 21st century, this is made possible by the global connectivity of the mạng internet. People can physically be located in one country but connected most of the world via a global network.[12]

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There is a clear distinction between netizens and people who come online vĩ đại use the mạng internet. A netizen is described as an individual who actively seeks vĩ đại contribute vĩ đại the development of the mạng internet.[14] Netizens are not individuals who go online for personal gain or profit, but instead actively seeks vĩ đại make the mạng internet a better place.[15][12]

A term used vĩ đại classify mạng internet users who tự not actively contribute vĩ đại the development of the mạng internet is "lurker". Lurkers cannot be classified as netizens, as although they tự not actively harm the mạng internet, they tự not contribute either.[16][17][18]

In China[edit]

In Mandarin Chinese, the terms wǎngmín (simplified Chinese: 网民; traditional Chinese: 網民, literally "netizen" or "net folks") and wǎngyǒu (simplified Chinese: 网友; traditional Chinese: 網友, literally "net friend" or "net mate") are commonly used terms meaning "internet users", and the English word netizen is used by mainland China-based English language truyền thông vĩ đại translate both terms, resulting in the frequent appearance of that English word in truyền thông reporting about Trung Quốc, far more frequently than vãn the use of the word in other contexts.[19][20]

Netizen Prize[edit]

The international nonprofit organisation Reporters Without Borders awards an annual Netizen Prize in recognition vĩ đại an mạng internet user, blogger, cyber-dissident, or group who has helped vĩ đại promote freedom of expression on the mạng internet.[21][22][23] The organisation uses the term when describing the political repression of cyber-dissidents such as legal consequences of blogging in politically repressive environments.

Psychological studies[edit]

With time, more and more people have started interacting and building communities online. Some communities are so sánh strong, they outsmart offline-communities.[24] The effect it has on human psychology and life is of major interest and concern of researchers. Several studies are being done on netizen under the name Netizens’ Psychology. [25][26] Problems are mạng internet addiction, mental health, outrage, and effect on kids' development are some of the many problems netizen psychology tries vĩ đại focus on.[27]

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See also[edit]

  • Digital citizen – citizens (of the physical space) using the Internet as a tool in order vĩ đại engage in society, politics, and government participation[28]
  • Digital native – a person who has grown up in the information age
  • Netiquette – social conventions for online communities
  • Cyberspace – the new societal territory that is inhabited by Netizens
  • Information Age
  • Internet age
  • Network society
  • Active citizenship – the concept that citizens have certain roles and responsibilities vĩ đại society and the environment and should actively participate
  • Social Age
  • List of Internet pioneers – those who helped erect the theoretical and technological foundation of the Internet (instead of improving its nội dung, utility or political aspects)
  • Participatory culture – a culture in which the public does not act merely as consumers and voters, but also as contributors, producers and active participants


  1. ^ Tyler Vendetti (March 3, 2020). The Illustrated Compendium of Weirdly Specific Words: Including Bumbledom, Jumentous, Spaghettification, and More. Simon and Schuster. pp. 70–. ISBN 978-1-73251-266-5. Archived from the original on May 7, 2021. Retrieved March 28, 2021.
  2. ^ Seese, Michael (2009). Scrappy Information Security. Happy About. p. 130. ISBN 978-1600051326. Archived from the original on September 5, 2017. Retrieved June 5, 2015.
  3. ^ Hauben, Michael. "The Expanding Commonwealth of Learning: Printing and the Net". Archived from the original on May 1, 2017. Retrieved June 5, 2015.
  4. ^ Hauben, Michael F. (November 24, 1995). "The Netizens and Community Networks - Presented at the Hypernetwork '95 Beppu Bay Conference". Archived from the original on October 9, 2018. Retrieved June 6, 2015.
  5. ^ a b c DeLoach, Amelia (September 1996). "What Does it Mean vĩ đại be a Netizen?". Archived from the original on January 11, 1997. Retrieved June 6, 2015.
  6. ^ netizen Archived April 21, 2012, at the Wayback Machine,
  7. ^ The Net and Netizens by Michael Hauben Archived June 4, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Columbia University.
  8. ^ "What is netizen? definition". Archived from the original on April 29, 2012. Retrieved October 2, 2011.
  9. ^ Thompson, Steven John (April 30, 2014). Global Issues and Ethical Considerations in Human Enhancement Technologies. IGI Global. p. 4. ISBN 978-1466660106. Retrieved June 6, 2015.
  10. ^ Butler, Simon. "Michael F. Hauben". Archived from the original on August 14, 2016. Retrieved June 6, 2015.
  11. ^ Hauben, Ronda. "Internet PIONEER Michael Hauben". Archived from the original on January 22, 2020. Retrieved June 6, 2015.
  12. ^ a b c Horvath, John (July 27, 2001). "Death of a Netizen". Heise Online. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved June 6, 2015.
  13. ^ Orlowski, Andrew (June 30, 2001). "Michael Hauben, Netizen mati, dies". The Register. Archived from the original on August 10, 2017. Retrieved June 6, 2015.
  14. ^ "What is a Netizen?". Easy Tech Junkie. Retrieved August 31, 2022.
  15. ^ Hauben, Michael; Hauben, Ronda (May 11, 1997). "Preface: What is a Netizen". Netizens: On the History and Impact of Usenet and the Internet (PDF). Wiley. pp. 2–3. ISBN 978-0-8186-7706-9. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 12, 2017. Retrieved June 6, 2015.
  16. ^ DeLoach, Amelia (September 1996). "What is a Netizen?". Archived from the original on July 10, 2015. Retrieved June 6, 2015.
  17. ^ "The need for a Netizens Association". March 1996. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved July 8, 2015.
  18. ^ Hauben, Michael; Hauben, Ronda (November 1995). "What is a Netizen?". First Monday. doi:10.5210/fm.v3i7.606. Archived from the original on July 9, 2015. Retrieved July 8, 2015.
  19. ^ Brian Fung, "'Netizen': Why Is This Goofy-Sounding Word So Important in China? Archived November 16, 2017, at the Wayback Machine", The Atlantic, 11 October 2012
  20. ^ Matt Schiavenza, "Enough with the word "Netizen" Archived July 29, 2018, at the Wayback Machine", The Atlantic, 25 September 2013
  21. ^ "World Day Against Cyber-Censorship: new "Enemies of the Internet" list". March 11, 2011. Archived from the original on June 28, 2015. Retrieved June 6, 2015.
  22. ^ "Netizen Prize 2012: nominees". February 27, 2012. Archived from the original on April 21, 2015. Retrieved June 6, 2015.
  23. ^ Manea, Elham (November 5, 2014). "Reporters Without Borders award Raif Badawi the Netizen Prize for 2014". Archived from the original on February 15, 2019. Retrieved June 6, 2015.
  24. ^ 'r/wallstreetbets', Wikipedia
  25. ^ 'Netizens’ Psychological Behavior Analysis under Information Technology Background' Archived April 12, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, Atlantis Press
  26. ^ Chen Chen; Honglu Liu; Xiaolan Guan (2015). "The research on psychological type of netizens in mạng internet public opinion's embryonic stage: A case study of Malaysia Airlines loss of communication". 2015 International Conference on Logistics, Informatics and Service Sciences (LISS). pp. 1–5. doi:10.1109/LISS.2015.7369798. ISBN 978-1-4799-1891-1. S2CID 17046843.
  27. ^ "Research on Relationship Among Internet-Addiction, Personality Traits and Mental Health of Urban Left-Behind Children".
  28. ^ Mossberger, Karen. "Digital Citizenship - The Internet, Society and Participation" by Karen Mossberger, Caroline J. Tolbert, and Ramona S. McNeal. 23 November 2011. ISBN 978-0819456069

Further reading[edit]

  • Hauben, Michael; Hauben, Ronda; Truscott, Tom (April 27, 1997). Netizens: On the History and Impact of Usenet and the Internet (Perspectives). Wiley-IEEE Computer Society P.. ISBN 0-8186-7706-6.

External links[edit]

  • The Mysterious Netizen