worksheet là gì

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A worksheet, in the word's original meaning, is a sheet of paper on which one performs work. They come in many forms, most commonly associated with children's school work assignments, tax forms, and accounting or other business environments. Software is increasingly taking over the paper-based worksheet.

It can be a printed page that a child completes with a writing instrument. No other materials are needed.[1] It is "a sheet of paper on which work schedules, working time, special instructions, etc. are recorded. A piece or scrap of paper on which problems, ideas, or the lượt thích, are mix down in tentative sườn." In education, a worksheet may have questions for students and places đồ sộ record answers.

In accounting, a worksheet is, or was, a sheet of ruled paper with rows and columns on which an accountant could record information or perform calculations. These are often called columnar pads, and typically green-tinted.

In computing, spreadsheet software presents, on a computer monitor, a user interface that resembles one or more paper accounting worksheets. Microsoft Excel, a popular spreadsheet program, refers đồ sộ a single spreadsheet (more technically, a two-dimensional matrix or array) as a worksheet, and it refers đồ sộ a collection of worksheets as a workbook.


In the classroom setting, worksheets usually refer đồ sộ a loose sheet of paper with questions or exercises for students đồ sộ complete and record answers.[2] They are used, đồ sộ some degree, in most subjects, and have widespread use in the math curriculum where there are two major types. The first type of math worksheet contains a collection of similar math problems or exercises. These are intended đồ sộ help a student become proficient in a particular mathematical skill that was taught đồ sộ them in class. They are commonly given đồ sộ students as homework. The second type of math worksheet is intended đồ sộ introduce new topics, and are often completed in the classroom. They are made up of a progressive mix of questions that leads đồ sộ an understanding of the topic đồ sộ be learned.[3]

Worksheets are important because those are individual activities and parents also need it.[4] They (parents) get đồ sộ know what the child is doing in the school. With evolving curricula, parents may not have the necessary education đồ sộ guide their students through homework or provide additional tư vấn at trang chính. Having a worksheet template easily accessible can help with furthering learning at trang chính.

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Overall, research in early childhood education shows that worksheets are recommended mainly for assessment purposes. Worksheets should not be used for teaching as this is not developmentally appropriate for the education of young students.

As an assessment tool, worksheets can be used by teachers đồ sộ understand students’ previous knowledge, outcome of learning, and the process of learning; at the same time, they can be used đồ sộ enable students đồ sộ monitor the progress of their own learning.[5]

Worksheet generators are often used đồ sộ develop the type of worksheets that contain a collection of similar problems. A worksheet generator is a software program that quickly generates a collection of problems, particularly in mathematics or numeracy. Such software is often used by teachers đồ sộ make classroom materials and tests. Worksheet generators may be loaded on local computers or accessed via a trang web.[citation needed] There are also many worksheet generators that are available online. However, original worksheets can be made on applications such as word or powerpoint.


In accounting, a worksheet often refers đồ sộ a loose leaf piece of stationery from a columnar pad, as opposed đồ sộ one that has been bound into a physical ledger book. From this, the term was extended đồ sộ designate a single, two-dimensional array of data within a computerized spreadsheet program. Common types of worksheets used in business include financial statements, such as profit and loss reports. Analysts, investors, and accountants track a company's financial statements, balance sheets, and other data on worksheets.

In spreadsheet programs lượt thích the open source LibreOffice Calc or Microsoft's Excel, a single document is known as a 'workbook' and may have by mặc định three arrays or 'worksheets'. One advantage of such programs is that they can contain formulae ví that if one cell value is changed, the entire document is automatically updated, based on those formulae.


Many tax forms require complex calculations and table references đồ sộ calculate a key value, or may require supplemental information that is only relevant in some cases. Rather kêu ca incorporating the calculations into the main sườn, they are often offloaded on a separate worksheet. The worksheet may be incorporated into the filing package, or may only be a tool for the filer đồ sộ figure out the value, but without requiring the worksheet đồ sộ be filed.

As an example, in the United States, income tax is withheld from the payments made by employers đồ sộ employees. If taxes are significantly underwithheld, there is a penalty đồ sộ the employee at the kết thúc of the year, and if they are overwitheld, the employee gets a refund for the overpayment of taxes. There is a basic formula for estimating the taxes that need đồ sộ be paid, but various tax factors may cause it đồ sộ be wrong, such as dependents, tax deductions, or income from other sources.

The W-4 sườn allows the employee đồ sộ pick an exemption level đồ sộ reduce the tax factoring (to avoid overpayment), or specify an extra amount above the standard number (to avoid underpayment). The sườn comes with two worksheets, one đồ sộ calculate exemptions, and another đồ sộ calculate the effects of other income (second job, spouse's job). The bottom number in each worksheet is used đồ sộ fill out two if the lines in the main W4 sườn. The main sườn is filed with the employer, and the worksheets are discarded or held by the employee.

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  1. ^ G, Anna. "Are worksheets good or bad?". The Measured Mom. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  2. ^ "Worksheet". Cambridge Dictionaries online. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
  3. ^ Fauvel, John; Maanen, Jan; cầu xin Maanen, J.A. (2000). History in Mathematics Education: An ICMI Study. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 216. ISBN 9780792363996. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
  4. ^ Hegde, Archana V.; Cassidy, Deborah J. (2009). "Kindergarten Teachers' Perspectives on Developmentally Appropriate Practices (DAP): A Study Conducted in Mumbai (India)" (PDF). Journal of Research in Childhood Education. 23 (3): 367–381. doi:10.1080/02568540909594667. S2CID 143999565. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  5. ^ Lee, Che-Di (2014). "Worksheet Usage, Reading Achievement, Classes' Lack of Readiness, and Science Achievement: A Cross-Country Comparison" (PDF). International Journal of Education in Mathematics, Science and Technology. 2 (2): 96–106. doi:10.18404/ijemst.38331.